Title

Exploring the Impact of Country-of-Origin Fit and Team Identification in Sports Brand Evaluation

Document Type

Article - Merrimack Access Only

Publication Title

European Sport Management Quarterly

Publication Date

7-2016

Abstract/ Summary

Research question: This study sought to identify the effects of perceived quality of products associated with country-of-origin (COO) images and its interplay with team identification on overall consumer brand evaluation. Research methods: In order to test the proposed hypotheses, an experimental study using a series of 2 (COO images: incongruent vs. congruent) × 2 (team identification: low vs. high) mixed factorial designs was conducted. One hundred thirty-six college student subjects from a northeastern university in the US participated in the main experiment. Results and findings: Subjects in the congruent COO image condition showed significantly greater positive post-alliance evaluation changes toward the host brand than those in the incongruent COO image condition. Meanwhile, subjects in the incongruent COO image condition showed significantly greater positive post-alliance evaluation changes toward the partner brand than those in the congruent COO image condition. Implications: This study implies that the COO images and consumer team identification jointly affect the product evaluation in a cross-border strategic brand alliance context. In order to target lowly identified consumers, the host brand should collaborate with a partner brand with a favorable country image. By contrast, for highly identified consumers, the partner brand need to ally with a well-known host brand with a favorable COO image so that the partner brand can leverage off the favorable COO image of the host brand.